Every season can fill you with positive emotions, but winter predisposes to sad thoughts. Everything then seems to be dilapidated and slightly devastated – people are more closed, most flowers are “sleeping winter sleep” and silence is everywhere. In order to “relax the setting” nature has created the delicate palette of primrose colors. What a bigger reward than touching her tender flowers during the most depressing season?
The flower blooms in February and thus until May. It will definitely contribute to the mood and smile on your face. The Latin primrose name is Primula, which comes from “prime”. The literal translation means the first, which suggests that it is among the forerunners of the spring. The primrose belongs to perennial herbaceous plants and numbers over 400-500 species. The colorful plant is part of almost every home – grown indoors, on the balcony or in the garden.
Interesting facts about the primrose
Did you know that there is a special flower day. “Primrose Day” is reported on April 19th. It was a favorite flower of British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, and this is the date of his death. Thus, instead of a bad memory, it is sealed as a holiday day. There is superstition that the primrose will appear in red blossoms if it is planted down.
Legends are written about the primrose described as a savior
The story is related to the eruption of the volcano on the island of Java, always followed by many casualties. The flower managed to stop this disaster at the moment it was seen as a plant around the mountain slope. The so-called “royal primrose” blooms every time on the eve of the volcano. It gave the inhabitants a sign to leave their settlements. The primrose is a loved flower that is present in people’s home. Going past his blossoms makes him smile and a positive mood. Thanks to the primrose, it is not necessary to tear live flowers for exquisite bouquets that do not last long. They look just like small little bouquets in different shades
In larger species there is a difference in the structure, size and colors of the primrose. Overall forms are very interesting and attractive. Primula is the Latin name of the primrose, but among such popular are “Darling of April”, “Golden stars”, “Spinkie” and others.
The primrose is a symbol of the coming spring and the Easter holiday
It shows that soon everything around will blossom. In Switzerland, it is considered a symbol of love for the country. It is a tradition to have dried primrose color when leaving the country as a talisman. In Ukraine, it is considered a guardian of mischief, and so the primrose often meets sheltered clothing. In folk traditions, she played the role of an amulet by a bunch of twigs.
The primrose is still considered a guardian of bad eyes and even spells. Shows love and gentle feelings between two young people, symbolizing hope, pure thoughts and open relationships among people .The use of primrose for curative purposes comes from the ancient Greeks. They called it “the flower of Olympus” or “the flower of the twelve gods” because it was believed to heal all the diseases.
Application of the primrose
It is used for healing purposes – it has diuretic action, it helps with expectoration and mental illness. Medicine finds benefit in every part of the plant – the roots, the rhizome, the leaves and the flowers. The roots are collected in April or June. They help in expectoration and in stomach secretions, they act as a diuretic. They are used as part of the treatment of bronchitis, bronchial asthma, spikes, urinary tract inflammation, and others. The leaves are collected in March and June and help relieve headaches, tiredness and deficiency of vitamins A and C. Colors are available in March-May and are widely used to relieve insomnia, nervousness and headaches.
Sometimes unconscious, you fall into stressful situations that act badly on your psyche.
You are probably wondering that there is no special reason for your bad mood, but you can not control yourself. The opposite is also typical – something little can make you happy. It has been shown that the primrose has a similar effect. It has a sedative action that helps for better functioning of the nervous system. This is obtained by taking as a herb or by prolonged observation of the flower. You hardly suspect what it is, just being around you. Trust the magical properties of the primrose
It is used in the culinary industry – besides its extensive application, the primrose is also present at the table
The flower is recognized not only by its beautiful appearance but also by the taste that becomes traditional for some peoples. The leaves begin to be used in the raw state and in the form of powder. Fresh leaves are an ideal part of all the variety of salads that you get, and you want to experiment. England and the Netherlands have long since discovered the taste of the plant and cultivated it as a salad.
The powder from the leaves is sprinkled on the first dish on the table. Use the leaves in combination with spinach, green salad, iceberg and more. In addition, use all the foods you love. Cooking is part of the art – make your next unique masterpiece and impress your guests. Definitely, you will be rated as good and original hosts
It is used as a decoration – the additions to the main décor in a home are extremely important
The primrose can serve ideally for the inner and outer parts. The most common ideas are the flowers (mainly artificial) placed in pots or baskets, resembling the whole art. They can be standing or hanging for an even more interesting accent. Each element contributes to the theme and emphasizes your personal style. The primrose will bring in your home coziness and pleasant emotions through your natural look. Take the opportunity to enjoy the “live plants” in the winter. Place a wicker basket on the porch, in which the flower will resemble a bouquet.
Primrose – care for the favorite flower of many
How to grow a beautiful primrose? What should we do from the moment of planting to the appearance of flowering? What soil and location is most recommended? You need to answer these questions before taking a step toward positioning the flower in the garden.
Although it is more common on the balconies, it impresses more times in the yard. It is easily recognized by the short filamentous rhizome, the upright and short stalks and the jagged, mossy ovate leaves. The different varieties give the mystery of the variety of yellow, orange, pink, purple, blue, red and other colors. Saturated colors that attract attention with well shaped bouquets over the leaves.
Location and light
The primrose grows best in the open, although it is often found in the home. In the beautiful chests and in the garden beds it feels most comfortable. The plant is among the warm-hearted, so it requires a lot of light and be sun-shining. If you do not have a garden and you have decided to grow it indoors, ensure good conditions – southern, eastern or western ledges. If you just put it in the yard, it should be in a stretch that suns in the spring and a little shadier in the summer. Shadow shadow is the best choice in this case. The primrose will be partially lighted, but it will not perish from the direct rays during the hot summer. This will give you the necessary light and warmth
The primrose is known to love the sun, but not to the heat. Although it can withstand warmth rather than cold, it is mostly “dreaming” about moderate temperature. Spring and autumn days are no problem for her – the climate is suited to her lively development. Winter should aim at a temperature in the range 5-10 degrees. The good thing is that it lasts up to 28 – 30 degrees in the summer. Above them, the life of the delicate flower becomes more painful.
Irrigation is one of the greatest concerns that requires primrose. Wet soil is the number one factor you must adhere to. It is most often watered during growth. Subsequently, soak up abundantly and regularly in the summer and a little less in the winter. Unlike other types of vegetation, watering is almost never superfluous. He loves the humid air. For this, you can place it with a pad of water to “breathe” the vapors (if it is in the pot) and to spray its leaves from time to time (although there are claims to decay the plant that way). Be careful, however, that the carrots do not directly foliage and the colors of the rich watering you do.
Soil and fertilization
No matter how much you water, it will not be effective if the soil is not well drained and permeable. It is necessary to perform preliminary drainage, feeding and aeration. Such help would be the garden mix for flowering balcony flowers, as well as peat. Make a mixture of them with equal parts of sand for drainage and garden soil. You must be extremely careful about fertilizing. Humus-rich soil will give more color, so use mineral fertilizer 1-2 times a month.
Keep in mind that salts have a great influence on the development of the primrose – their excessive quantity or lack thereof. Use iron-containing ones. To maintain a higher temperature of the primrose soil in winter, grooming it in the yard, cover with peat moss.
Replication and propagation
The transplantation is done by dividing the tufts after the blossoming of the flowers. Propagation follows the next year in the first spring days in order to be sure that it will not freeze. It is made by seeds, which are placed on the prepared soil of damp peat, then covered with the soil from the garden. The initial stage of plant adaptation requires a more shady place. Once accustomed it is good to be warm and watered more often. This will stimulate growth.