What are the Basics of Landscaping and Garden Design?

Landscape designs are those aesthetes that can turn even the most ordinary garden into a paradise. Their work is art, but a little different from the traditional one. Their design is constantly changing as plants grow and develop, environmental conditions change, and so on. Every professional should be familiar with landscaping innovations to help the user turn the garden into a better visually, functionally and environmentally sound place.

What are the basics of landscaping and garden design?

Each user could have their own view of the garden space, but the most important thing in its design is to emphasize good aesthetics and follow the basic principles of which Landscaping is built.

Of course, the outdoor spaces of the neighbors or those on the next street are radically different, but in order for them all to look so good, 100% of some rules are followed in the arrangement of greenery, flowers, recreation areas, relaxation, etc. n. 

This is called “basic in landscape art” and we advise you to get acquainted with them!

Although you may come across many additional opinions regarding the basics, they usually overlap or are said in a slightly different way. See who they are!

Basic principles of landscape design

Do you want to get acquainted with the basic principles of landscape design in order to deal with the design of the yard, or at least have a brief idea of ​​what landscape specialists offer you? Don’t worry, there is nothing complicated or incomprehensible, we just have to hint at the moments in the projection. 

Understanding these principles will be of great benefit to you, as it will increase your creativity and help you generate new ideas. The unique and great landscape design is the work of the “artist” in combination with some little knowledge. Here is what a harmonious, tidy and elegant garden must include:


What is meant by unity? This, simply put, is the repetition and consistency of the design at each stage of the creation of landscaping. 

  • Repetition is used to achieve unity, constantly repeating the same or at least similar elements – different vegetation and adherence to a certain decor in the landscape.
  • Consistency is a key factor in creating a single, keeping an eye on creating a common theme. For this purpose it is necessary to perfectly fit several different elements in the landscape. 

Repetition in the garden

Repetition and unity are closely linked, but the two principles are equally important for the garden landscape. It is advisable to add several shapes and elements, and the repetition of several identical choices can be made with different “handwriting”. 

There is also the possibility of making a mistake that you need to be careful about. Too many but unrelated objects can degrade the design, making it look messy. It will be like a garden without a clear vision and plan. And a last tip on this principle: do not overdo it with an element, as its excessive use will create a boring and uninteresting design.

Contrast and harmony

Harmony in the garden can be seen from afar. It helps to create a unified and sequel-looking landscape composition. Contrast also plays an important role. By placing a different, but very eye-catching, vegetation, we can talk about uniqueness and beauty. Usually, contrasting elements attract the viewer’s eye even more if they are “clustered” next to each other. 

In general, contrast and harmony are achieved with a little more effort. It is necessary to use any elements of art or use complementary colors next to each other.


Balance is mandatory not only in landscaping, but in every area of ​​life. That is why one of the most important principles is balance, as a sense of equality. It can be divided into two main subtypes, namely symmetrical and asymmetrical balance.

  • Symmetrical balance – with it you have to stick to two identical sides of the landscape.
  • Asymmetrical balance – it allows more freedom of design and action in the garden. Here, too, a balance is achieved, but in a different way – with the help of different elements and objects that have an almost similar imaginary weight.


Colors are what create the mood. That is why we cannot do without their intervention. Color also adds a dimension to real life. The shades can be very different and are usually divided into warm and cold. Warm ones, such as orange, red, yellow, create the illusion of a closer object. Colder ones have the opposite effect. Blue and green colors serve to create perspective.

Adhering to a line

Lines create the illusion of depth and distance.

They use to design almost everything in the garden:

  • when separating the entrance
  • straight and winding paths
  • in the creation of beds
  • in the texture, etc.


Transition is a gradual change to shapes, lines and landscape elements. What exactly does this mean more clearly? The transition is achieved through slight and gradual changes in the height / size of the plant or the intensity of the color. The transition can also be applied to the texture, shape of the leaves and the size of various elements.


Observance of proportion means to have proportionality between two elements, so that the creation of a chaotic design is not allowed. It is an obvious fact that we must adhere to proportionality, and this principle requires consideration and good planning. The guarantee of proportionality in landscape design is the key to a beautiful yard.


These eight principles are comprehensive and widely known to all landscape professionals. However, if you know who they are, you could give a personal idea and contribution to the look of your garden. Expand your creativity widely by including the right lines, vegetation, colors, etc. Influencing the design is possible with very easy steps, but the design is done once!

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